“Firiji” Yakale

Firiji yabweretsa zabwino zambiri pamoyo wamunthu, makamaka nthawi yotentha ndi yofunikira kwambiri. Kwenikweni ku Ming Dynasty, chakhala chida chofunikira kwambiri chilimwe, ndipo chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi olemekezeka achifumu

Firiji yabweretsa zabwino zambiri pamoyo wamunthu, makamaka nthawi yotentha ndi yofunikira kwambiri. Kwenikweni ku Ming Dynasty, chakhala chida chofunikira chilimwe, ndipo chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi olemekezeka achifumu ku likulu la Beijing. Zachidziwikire kuti sinali firiji, koma bokosi lomwe linakhazikika ndi ayezi wachilengedwe.

Nthawi imeneyo, firiji ankatchedwanso "ayezi chidebe", wopangidwa ndi chikasu peyala nkhuni kapena mahogany. Bokosi loboola pakati limawoneka lokongola ndi pakamwa lalikulu ndi pansi yaying'ono ndi zingwe ziwiri zamkuwa m'chiuno. Mphete zamkuwa zimayikidwa mbali zonse ziwiri za bokosilo kuti zizisamalira mosavuta, miyendo inayi pansi pa thireyi lamatope (mu mipando ya Ming ndi Qing Dynasties, miyendo ina ndi mapazi sizimakhudza mwachindunji pansi, ndi mtengo wina wamtanda kapena chimango chamatabwa pansi pa chithandizocho , Chojambulachi chimatchedwa "matope thireyi") kuti chisakhale chinyezi.

Firiji siyokongola kokha, komanso kapangidwe kake ndimachitidwe apamwamba kwambiri ndi sayansi. Mkati mwa bokosili munapangidwa malata omwe amatha kuteteza bokosilo kuti lisawonongeke ndipo pansi pa bokosilo, pali mabowo amadzi oundana omwe akudutsa pansi. Kuphatikiza apo, pamene madzi oundana amasungunuka, amatenga mpweya wotentha kuchokera m'chipindacho, imagwira ntchito ngati mpweya wathu pano.

Mwa mafiriji onse otsala, pali awiri okha omwe atsala ku Palace Museum ku Beijing omwe adaperekedwa ndi Akazi a Lu Yi mu 1985. Mafiriji awiri amtengo opangidwa ndi matabwawa ndi waya - owombedwa, bokosi lililonse ndi 102kg lolemera, 45cm kutalika. Pamwamba pachikuto ndi bokosi la bokosi ndizodzala ndi maluwa okutidwa ndi nthambi zokutidwa bwino komanso mitundu yokongola., Pakamwa panjere zokongoletsera, tsekani

Kunja "Wapangitsira Mafumu a Qing Emperor Qianlong" Ndidi chuma cham'mafiriji.

ku likulu la Beijing. Zachidziwikire kuti sinali firiji, koma bokosi lomwe linakhazikika ndi ayezi wachilengedwe.

Nthawi imeneyo, firiji ankatchedwanso "ayezi chidebe", wopangidwa ndi chikasu peyala nkhuni kapena mahogany. Bokosi loboola pakati limawoneka lokongola ndi pakamwa lalikulu ndi pansi yaying'ono ndi zingwe ziwiri zamkuwa m'chiuno. Mphete zamkuwa zimayikidwa mbali zonse ziwiri za bokosilo kuti zizisamalira mosavuta, miyendo inayi pansi pa thireyi lamatope (mu mipando ya Ming ndi Qing Dynasties, miyendo ina ndi mapazi sizimakhudza mwachindunji pansi, ndi mtengo wina wamtanda kapena chimango chamatabwa pansi pa chithandizocho , Chojambulachi chimatchedwa "matope thireyi") kuti chisakhale chinyezi.
Firiji siyokongola kokha, komanso kapangidwe kake ndimachitidwe apamwamba kwambiri ndi sayansi. Mkati mwa bokosili munapangidwa malata omwe amatha kuteteza bokosilo kuti lisawonongeke ndipo pansi pa bokosilo, pali mabowo amadzi oundana omwe akudutsa pansi. Kuphatikiza apo, pamene madzi oundana amasungunuka, amatenga mpweya wotentha kuchokera m'chipindacho, imagwira ntchito ngati mpweya wathu pano.

Mwa mafiriji onse otsala, pali awiri okha omwe atsala ku Palace Museum ku Beijing omwe adaperekedwa ndi Akazi a Lu Yi mu 1985. Mafiriji awiri amtengo opangidwa ndi matabwawa ndi waya - owombedwa, bokosi lililonse ndi 102kg lolemera, 45cm kutalika. Pamwamba pachikuto ndi bokosi la bokosi ndizodzala ndi maluwa okutidwa ndi nthambi zokutidwa bwino komanso mitundu yokongola., Pakamwa panjere zokongoletsera, tsekani

Kunja "Wapangitsira Mafumu a Qing Emperor Qianlong" Ndidi chuma cham'mafiriji.

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M'malo mwake, firiji yamatabwa yomwe yatchulidwa pamwambayi siyoyambirira ku China. Mafiriji oyamba amakhulupirira kuti anali zida zamkuwa za M'nyengo Yamasika ndi Yophukira, zotchedwa ziwiya zokhala ndi ayezi, mwachitsanzo "Bingjian 'mu Chitchaina.

Mu 1978, magulu awiri a vinyo wambiri wambiri oundana - Bronze Jian Fou, yemwenso amadziwika kuti "Bingjian", wokhala ndi mawonekedwe ofanana ndi zokongoletsera, a Bingjian awiriwa adafukulidwa kuchokera kumanda a Marquis Yi waku Zeng ku Suizhou, m'chigawo cha Hubei , ndipo tsopano amasungidwa padera ku Hubei Provincial Museum ndi National Museum of China. Pakadali pano, izi zikuwoneka ngati ziwiya zokongola kwambiri za vinyo wamphesa wokhala ndi nthawi yayikulu kwambiri komanso isanadze nthawi ya pre-qin. Jian Fou wamkuwa uyu adavomerezedwa kuti ndi "firiji" yakale kwambiri ku China. "Ice Kam" ndi chidebe chomwe chimanyamula ayezi ndikuyika chakudya mmenemo masiku otentha.

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Nthawi yolemba: Jul-18-2021